May 1- 7, 2011 is National Summer Safety Week.
Participating in activities and sports outdoors during the summer months is an important part of a healthy lifestyle ~ but you must remember to protect your skin from harmful ultra-violet (UV) rays.
During National Summer Safety Week the Canada Safety Council encourages you to protect yourself in the sun all summer long. Always apply plenty of sunscreen before going outside, whether it’s sunny or cloudy, hot or cool. Make sure it has a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15 against both UVA and UVB rays. Use it generously ~ approximately a golf ball sized amount ~ and re-apply after swimming and exercise.
Follow the Canada Sun Guide, created by Canada Safety Council and others partners, to help Canadians combine sun safety with outdoor activities.
Minimize Sun Exposure
- Schedule outdoor physical activities when UV rays are at their weakest – before 11:00 a.m. and after 4:00 p.m., especially between the months of April and October.
- Always keep children under the age of one out of the sun.
- Remember that skin doesn’t have to be hot to burn, so don’t be fooled by cloudy or overcast weather.
- Remember too that water, snow, sand and concrete can reflect and increase the sun’s burning rays.
Seek and Create Shade
- Seek natural shade from trees and buildings.
- Plant trees in schoolyards and other play areas.
- Use shade umbrellas, or create other forms of shade if natural shade is not possible.
- Keep playpens, strollers and carriages in shaded areas.
- Cover children’s heads, necks and ears with a broad brimmed hat when outdoors.
- Protect arms and legs with tightly woven, loose fitting, cotton clothing.
- Children should wear a T-shirt over their bathing suit, and long shorts instead of short shorts.
- Wear UVA/UVB protective sunglasses—children can wear them too.
- Use a broad spectrum sunscreen (protects against both UVA and UVB rays) with an SPF of 15 or more.
- Apply sunscreen generously, at least 20 minutes before sun exposure. Reapply often, as perspiration will reduce the effectiveness.
Pay attention to the UV Index – a measure of the strength of the sun’s burning ultraviolet rays. The higher the number, the stronger the sun will be. UV rays usually reach their peak around noon, so keep out of the sun in the middle of the day. When you are outside, stay in the shade, and make it a habit to wear a wide-brimmed hat, long sleeves and protective sunglasses.
Have a safe and happy summer season!